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You can also view this policy in the NICE signaling pathway for long-acting reversible contraception. Immediate recruitment of the postpartum IUD (i.e., within 10 minutes of placental delivery during vaginal and caesarean deliveries) should be consistently offered as a safe and effective option for postpartum contraception. Women should be informed of the increased risk of exclusion, as well as the signs and symptoms of expulsion.81 Despite the higher expulsion rate of immediate postpartum IUD placement compared to interval placement, data from the cost-benefit analysis strongly suggest the superiority of immediate placement in reducing unwanted pregnancies, especially for women most at risk of not participating in the postpartum follow-up visit.86 Women with learning and/or physical disabilities should be helped to make their own contraceptive decisions. The gap between LARC methods and other forms of birth control lies in the difference between « perfect application » and « typical application ». Perfect enforcement indicates full compliance with medication plans and guidelines. Typical use describes efficacy in real-world conditions where patients may not fully adhere to treatment regimens. LARC methods require little or no user action after insertion. Therefore, the LARC Perfect Use failure rates are the same as their typical usage failure rates. [12] Ice cream maker failure rates with sterilization failure rates, but unlike sterilization, LARC methods are reversible. [12] Other reversible methods such as oral contraceptives, contraceptive patch or vaginal ring require daily, weekly or monthly interventions by the user.

Although the perfect usage failure rates of these methods may match LARC methods, typical usage failure rates are significantly higher. [13] Even with methods such as DMPA injection, users must return to their provider every 12 weeks for intramuscular vaccination or every 4 weeks for subcutaneous vaccination. Therefore, the typical failure rates of DMPA use are also higher than the failure rates with perfect use, as more than 40% of women stop DMPA in the first year. [14] LarC methods are considered the first contraceptive option in terms of effectiveness and continuation. [10] LARC stands for Long-Acting Reversible Contraception. It`s a term for highly effective and easy-to-use forms of birth control that can last for years. The LARC includes the intrauterine device (IUD) and the contraceptive implant. Long-acting reversible contraception: implants and intrauterine devices. Practice Bulletin No. 186. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Obstet Gynecol 2017; 130: e251-69. August 2015: The definition of long-acting reversible contraception was corrected by removing the reference to combined vaginal rings. The recommendations do not cover the combined vaginal rings. The effectiveness of LARC methods has been shown to be superior to that of other types of contraceptives. [9] [10] A 2012 study with the largest cohort of IUD and implant wearers to date found that the risk of contraceptive failure was 17 to 20 times higher in those who used oral contraceptive pills, contraceptive patch or vaginal ring than the risk in those who used long-acting reversible contraception. [10] For people under 21 years of age, who generally have lower adherence, the risk is twice as high as the risk in older participants. [10] In England, a statistically significant association was observed between a decrease in conception in adolescents and an increase in the use of LARC. [11] During use, the woman is not exposed to hormones and, after removal, her fertility is immediately restored. It is also sometimes used as emergency contraception. The clinical expert`s opinion is that LARC methods may play a broader role in contraception and that their increased consumption could help reduce unwanted pregnancies.

The current limited use of the LARC suggests that health professionals need better guidance and training to help women make informed decisions. Health care providers and commissioners also need a clear understanding of the relative cost-effectiveness of the LARC compared to other fertility control methods. Empowering women to make an informed decision about the LARC and respond to women`s preferences is an important goal of this guideline. Immediate initiation of the contraceptive implant after delivery (i.e. insertion before discharge from hospital after hospitalization for childbirth) should be consistently offered as a safe and effective option for postpartum contraception, regardless of breastfeeding status. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a group of contraceptive methods that: Health professionals should provide a preliminary method of contraception at the first appointment if necessary. Long-acting reversible contraceptives have few contraindications and should be routinely offered as safe and effective contraceptives for most women. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed evidence-based guidelines for contraceptives, the U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (US MEC) (available at www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/contraception/usmec.htm 47. Separate recommendations are made for adoption and continued use and guidelines are assigned to one of the four categories based on risk level Box 1 47. The use of intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants in women with various characteristics and conditions is treated in the United States, which has been approved by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). The CDC has also developed guidelines for common contraceptive practices, such as proper initiation of methods when women can rely on the method, and post-follow-up.

B-initiation. These guidelines are included in the selected U.S. practice guidelines for contraceptive use (available on www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/contraception/usspr.htm, which have also been supported by ACOG 48. Health professionals should be aware of legislation on counselling and contraception for young people and people with learning disabilities. Child protection issues and Fraser guidelines should be considered in contraception for women under the age of 16[2]. This guideline covers long-acting reversible contraception. It aims to increase the use of long-term reversible contraceptives by improving women`s information about their contraceptives. Most women have had to use contraception for more than 30 years. Contraceptive patterns vary by age, ethnicity, marital status, fertility intent, education and lifestyle. Large prospective cohort studies are needed to identify the following: Contraceptive advice should be sensitive to cultural differences and religious beliefs. To find out what NICE has said about issues related to this policy, visit our contraception website. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports immediate enrolment in the POSTPARTUM LARC (i.e., before discharge from hospital) as a best practice and recognizes its role in preventing rapid recurrence and unintended pregnancies 80 81.

Ideally, women should be informed prior to birth of the possibility of an immediate postpartum LARC. Advice should include discussion of pros and cons to enable informed decision-making.81 The immediate postpartum period is particularly favorable for the insertion of IUDs or implants. Women who have recently given birth are often highly motivated to use contraception and are known not to be pregnant. The hospital environment provides convenience for both the patient and the healthcare provider. .